Worried about those gray and brown patches on your face? That can be a sign of a very common skin problem called Melasma. Most people have it on their forehead, cheeks, nose bridge, chin, and above their lips and women are more likely to experience this.
According to American Academy of Dermatology, people with darker skin like the African-American, Asian, Middle Eastern and Latin or Hispanic descent are more prone to Melasma.
Although the dermatological experts still don’t have an idea on the exact causes of Melasma, it has been said that there are some factors that can trigger the appearance of this skin problem.
- A change in hormones – Melasma is often experienced by pregnant women as their body undergo rapid hormonal changes. Chloasma is the term that is being used to point out the appearance of Melasma to pregnant women and often noted as the mask of pregnancy. On the other hand, birth control pills and hormone replacement pills can also be a triggering factor for Melasma.
- Too much sun exposure – Ultraviolet light or UV light can stimulate the melanocytes which are responsible for melanin production that provides pigmentation of the skin. Too much production of these hormones can increase the skin pigmentation causing the brown and gray spots. This is why melasma is more frequent to appear during summer since the UV rays are worse during this season.
- Cosmetics – Some skin care products can irritate your skin that may worsen the appearance of Melasma. Being vigilant on purchasing such cosmetic products is a must. Might as well, choose those who are organic-based to prevent such skin problem.
Treatment for Melasma
For treating this skin problem, it is a must that you consult a legitimate and reliable dermatologist. If you are already experiencing some skin irritation and darkening of the skin, do not hesitate to seek for professional help.
An expert on skin problems is the best person to ask for the treatment options that you have. Hydroquinone, Treinoin and corticosteroids, and other topical medicines are said to cure this skin problem.
Moreover, choosing the right clinic that can provide you the best treatments and favorable results.
Tips to prevent Melasma
Remember the following tips to make sure that you will be Melasma-free:
- Apply sunscreen daily with at least Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 30 or more to limit the effects of sunlight to your skin.
- Wear protective clothing to complement the use of sunscreen. Wide-brimmed hats are ideal to protect you further from the effects of UV rays.
- Always choose gentle and chemical-free skin care products.
Moreover, taking proper care of your body, especially your skin, through proper hygiene is also a must. You can also complement this by undergoing various skin care treatments just like what Zi Institute offers.